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Science

Bone treats may be harmful to dogs, FDA reports

Commercial bones treats may be hazardous to a dog’s health, according to a new report put out by the Food and Drug Administration.

This month, the organization updated its website to include a series of new reports regarding illnesses and deaths associated with processed bone treats. Nearly 70 dogs have become sick from processed and packaged bones, and 15 have died, Newsweek reports.

Those numbers are nearly double the last reported dog-treat-linked death toll linked that came out in 2015. Dogs who have become ill have experienced numerous symptoms, including vomiting, choking, and stomach issues. Some bones have also looked moldy, and others have splintered or broken when chewed on.

While the reports does not list and specific brands, some products associated with the injuries include “Ham Bones,” “Pork Femur Bones,” “Rib Bones,” and “Smokey Knuckle Bones.”

“Giving your dog a bone treat might lead to an unexpected trip to your veterinarian, a possible emergency surgery, or even death for your pet,” said Carmela Stamper, a veterinarian at FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine, according to Fox News.

These new issues are concerning, and they come out on top of other past treat concerns. For instance, by the end of 2015, more than 1,000 dogs had died, and over 6,000 fell sick, after eating jerky pet treats. Though many of the illnesses were linked to treats imported from China, they are hard to track because manufacturers are not required to list the country of origin for each ingredient in their products.

This new report is concerning and shows people need to take caution when buying their pets treats for the holiday season. However, despite the danger, the FDA reports there are still many health treats to feed your pets. The agency urges people to talk to their veterinarians to discover safe alternatives.

If anyone believes their pet became ill after eating a treat, they can report it online.

Categories
Science

Feathered dinosaurs were much fluffier than modern birds

A group of scientists led by researchers at the University of Bristol have built the most accurate depiction of feathered dinosaurs to date, showing the ancient reptiles were much fluffier than previously thought.

Birds are the direct descendants of a group of feathered, carnivorous dinosaurs known as paravians. In the study, researchers analyzed the fossil of one such species, Anchiornis and compared its fossilized feathers to those of other dinosaurs and extinct birds.

That showed the feathers around Anchiornis’ body — known as contour feathers — had a never-before-seen short quill that had long, flexible barbs coming out at low angles to form two vanes and a forked feather shape.

Such feathers are important because they would have given Anchiornis a fluffy appearance that is distinctly different than the sleek look of modern birds. Most species today have tightly-zipped vanes that form continuous surfaces. Anchiornis‘ feathers were unzipped, and may have been worse at controlling temperature or repelling water.

In addition, the ancient feathers did not have the aerodynamic, asymmetrical vanes of modern flight feathers, and the vanes were also not tightly-zipped. That would have hindered their ability to form a lift surface. To compensate, paravians had multiple rows of long feathers on their wings. Many also had four wings rather than two.

“[T]his highlights how we can’t simply depict these dinosaurs that are closely related to true birds as fully modern in their bird-like characteristics,” study co-author Evan Saitta, a researcher at the University of Bristol, told Motherboard. “They had feathers like birds, but these would have been more primitive in form.”

This finding is important because is gives a more accurate depiction of how feathered dinosaurs may have looked. It also sheds new light on the evolution of feathers and provides further insight into the mechanisms behind early flight.

“Overall, our study provides some new insight into the appearance of dinosaurs, their behavior and physiology, and the evolution of feathers, birds, and powered flight,” added Saitta, according to Phys.org.

The results of this study are published in the journal Paleontology.

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NONE

Philando Castile’s girlfriend gets settlement of $800,000

Diamond Reynolds has received $800,000 to settle potential litigation in the case of the fatal police shooting of Philando Castile in Minnesota last year.

Reynolds, 28, and her young daughter were riding in the car with Castile when a St. Anthony police officer pulled him over on July 6, 2016. When Castile told the officer he had a gun, the officer fatally shot Castile, with one bullet passing close to Reynold’s daughter in the back seat.

Police then detained Reynolds for questioning.

“The settlement symbolizes that what happened to my daughter and I on July 6, 2016 was wrong,” Reynolds said in a statement Tuesday night, as reported by the StarTribune. “While no amount of money can change what happened, bring Philando back, or erase the pain my daughter and I continue to suffer, I do hope that closing this chapter will allow us to get our lives back and move forward.”

The St. Anthony City Council voted Tuesday night to pay Reynolds $675,000 to resolve her legal claims. She will receive another $125,000 from the League of Minnesota Cities Insurance Trust and the city of Roseville. Part of the money will be put in trust for Reynolds’ daughter.

Castile’s mother, Valerie Castile, received a $3 million settlement from the city of St. Anthony in June. Castile, who was 32 at the time of his death, worked as a nutrition services supervisor at J.J. Hill Montessori School in St. Paul.

Jeronimo Yanez, the officer who shot Castile, was acquitted of all charges by a jury in June — a decision that ignited weeks of protests.

Categories
Science

Prehistoric women had really strong arms, study says

A new study of ancient bones reveals that prehistoric women had stronger arms than female rowing teams do today.

The findings are published in the journal Science Advances.

The study suggests that performing manual agricultural work affected women’s bodies significantly between about 5,300 BC to 100AD.

“We think a lot of what we’re seeing is the bone’s response to women grinding grain, which is pretty much seated but using your arms really repetitively many hours a day,” says co-author Dr. Alison Macintosh from the University of Cambridge in the UK, in a report by The Guardian.

By medieval times, however, women’s arms had lost their strength and their arm bones measured about the same as a modern-day woman.

The researchers analyzed the remains of 94 women from early neolithic times — about 5,300 BC — to the 9th century, from countries in Central Europe, including Germany, Austria, and northern Serbia. They also studied bones of four groups of 83 living women: runners, rowers, footballers, and those who were mostly sedentary.

They found that neolithic women had arm bones some 30 percent stronger than non-sporty living women.

Previous research by the team on male leg bones also showed a decline in strength since the late iron age.

“Early farming men had these really strong leg bones — when you compared them to living men they were close to what you see in living runners, suggesting they were really active,” Macintosh said. “Then [there is] this really progressive decline through time in bone strength, down to what you see in living sedentary undergraduate students at Cambridge.”

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NWT_Biology Science TECH

Yeti legend busted by DNA analysis

A comprehensive new study claims to have solved the mystery behind the legend of the Abominable Snowman, or Yeti, by showing that a number of “Yeti” specimens actually belonged to bears.

The findings will be published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Sightings of the Yeti have been reported for centuries in the high mountains of Nepal and Tibet.

Researchers analyzed nine purported Yeti samples, including bone, tooth, hair, skin, and fecal samples. Eight were from Asian black bears, Himalayan brown bears or Tibetan brown bears, according to a statement by the University of Buffalo. One specimen belonged to a dog.

“This study represents the most rigorous analysis to date of samples suspected to derive from anomalous or mythical ‘hominid’-like creatures,” write the authors.

The specimens came from museums and private collections and included a scrap of skin kept as a relic by a monastery and part of a femur bone discovered in a cave on the Tibetan plateau.

“Our findings strongly suggest that the biological underpinnings of the Yeti legend can be found in local bears,” says lead author Charlotte Lindqvist, Ph.D., an associate professor of biological sciences at the University of Buffalo College of Arts and Sciences, “and our study demonstrates that genetics should be able to unravel other, similar mysteries.”

The researchers also are learning more about the evolutionary history of Asian bears. For example, genetic analysis shows that Himalayan brown bears belong to a distinct evolutionary lineage that split from other brown bears some 650,000 years ago.

“Further genetic research on these rare and elusive animals may help illuminate the environmental history of the region, as well as bear evolutionary history worldwide — and additional ‘Yeti’ samples could contribute to this work,” says Lindqvist.

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NONE

Matt Lauer fired from NBC for sexual misconduct

Matt Lauer, the co-host of NBC’s popular “Today” show, was fired Wednesday after a woman and her lawyer visited network headquarters in Manhattan on Monday to discuss details of alleged sexual harassment by Lauer.

“On Monday night, we received a detailed complaint from a colleague about inappropriate sexual behavior in the workplace by Matt Lauer,” said NBC News chairman, Andrew Lack, in a memo to staff, as reported by The New York Times. “While it is the first complaint about his behavior in the over 20 years he’s been at NBC News, we were also presented with reason to believe this may not have been an isolated incident.”

Ari Wilkenfeld, the woman’s attorney, declined to identify his client.

“My client and I met with representatives from NBC’s Human Resources and Legal Departments at 6 p.m. on Monday for an interview that lasted several hours,” said Wilkenfeld, in a statement provided to The Times. “Our impression at this point is that NBC acted quickly, as all companies should, when confronted with credible allegations of sexual misconduct in the workplace.”

The staff of the “Today” show were informed of Lauer’s termination only a couple of hours before going on the air. Savannah Guthrie looked shaken as she told the viewing public the news, describing Lauer as “a dear, dear friend,” and saying she was “heartbroken for the brave colleague who came forward to tell her story.”

Lauer’s firing is just the latest in an avalanche of sexual harassment allegations against prominent figures in the media that have resulted in their ouster, including CBS host Charlie Rose, political journalist Mark Halperin, and film producer Harvey Weinstein.

Categories
Cool Inspiring

Japanese Designers Develop Unnamed Paints to Help Children Learn Colors Differently

A design duo in Japan by the names of Ayami Moteki and Yusuke Imai just developed a set up unnamed paints that can change the way children learn in terms of color. Without using names of colors, they developed a white tube of paint with an “equation” which shows primary colors and the appropriate proportions. The equations used on the tubes of paint help kids comprehend basic concepts in color theory and they learn how to create and combine different colors.

Categories
Cute OMG

This Pitbull-Dachshund Is The Strangest Cross Breed Ever!

This dog named Rami is one of the most uncommon mixed dog breeds we’ve ever seen. Rami is one years old and a mix of a dachshund and pitbull. He is currently up for adoption at the Moultrie-Colquitt County Humane Society in Georgia. No one knows what his origins are, but he is being cleared for adoption by veterinarians. Employees at the humane society say Rami is a fun loving, energetic pup but at the moment he isn’t very well-trained.

Introducing Rami, the Dachshund/Pitbull mixed pup

This little guy is waiting to be adopted

He’s sweet and loveable, but needs to work on his training

Categories
Business TSC_Global Politics

Post-NAFTA Mexico lags behind other emerging markets

When Mexican officials signed the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Canadian and U.S. counterparts, they expected that increased trade under the agreement would boost all three nations’ economies. Bloomberg analysts find that the exact opposite has happened, with Mexican wage growth and economic growth no better today than they were pre-NAFTA.

“The main idea was to promote convergence in wages and standards of living,’’ said Gerardo Esquivel, an economics professor at the Colegio de Mexico, told Bloomberg. “That has not been achieved.’’ And what meager growth there’s been, Esquivel added, has mostly gone to “the upper part of the distribution.’’

And income inequality has remained consistent since the mid-1990s. More than half of Mexicans still live below the poverty level.

Mexico’s economy has grown 2.5% a year since 1994, less than half the developing world’s average. Iran, Egypt, and Turkey all achieved more economic growth than Mexico in that time period, according to the International Monetary Fund. This was despite Egypt and Turkey’s own internal strife and the sanctions that have shut Iran out from most of the global economy.

Mexican policy analysts disagree on NAFTA’s role in economic troubles. But Esquivel blames the Mexican government for doing too little post-NAFTA to promote domestic drivers of economic growth, such as raising labor income, boosting government spending, and expanding private businesses’ access to credit.

Bloomberg analysts warn that continued economic stagnation will fuel more illegal immigration into the United States. It may also reshape the Mexican presidential elections next year, in which the frontrunner, leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, promises to usher in a “new economic model” if he wins.

Categories
Cute Inspiring

The Reaction Of This Dog After Her Puppies Were Rescued Is Priceless

This female dog has tears running down her face after her and her pups are rescued.

Here she is being comforted by her rescuer

Watch the heart-warming video below: